A Bright Future for Colour Inkjet Digital Printing in Global Labels and Packaging Markets
Inkjet digital has long been used in prototyping / proofing / versioning for labels or packaging.. In recent years developers of industrial scale colour inkjet presses have been increasingly targeting the labels market and has this is now opening up the viability of colour digital printing across a number of packaging segments.
Inkjet technology faces competition from other technologies, primarily:
- Electro-Photographic - Dry toner / Liquid - Today the most widely used technology in colour digital presses, with the largest installed base and global footprint of colour digital label presses ? This was the technology that pioneered commercial roll-out in labels.technology
- Landa Nanography - Next generation digital printing technology. Gaining traction with commercial installations now in operation
Toner based systems tend to still have the edge in terms of the high print quality that is achievable, while with Colour Digital Inkjet - Print quality can match closely analogue Flexo press print print quality / look / feel which is the process most widely used for labels. While for packaging - The offset litho printing process is widely used and this can also readily co-exist with digital hybrid presses
The following types of colour digital printers are based on Inkjet technology:
- Wide Format Inkjet Colour Digital Printing
- Corrugated Inkjet Colour Digital Printing
- Direct-to-3D-pack profiles Inkjet Colour Digital Printing/
Over the last decade this multi-facetted & complex industry has transformed dramatically with major advances in colour inkjet digital press design & print head technology, as well as developments in substrate materials & inks formulations.
Colour digital printing is well on the way to being a highly disruptive force, first for labels and more recently in several segments of the much larger packaging industry.
Over the last decade this multi-facetted & complex industry has transformed dramatically with major advances in colour inkjet digital press design & print head technology, as well as developments in substrate materials & inks formulations.
As the demand for mass versioning and customization of labels & packaging continues to grow, colour digital printing is becoming an increasingly vital component part of converter's capabilities. he main focus of this blog, however, is on new generation automated high-volume / high-speed industrial-scale applications for colour inkjet digital printing presses for the following:
- Flexible Packaging
- Folding Cartons
- Corrugated Board
- Direct-to-3D Packaging Profiles.
Going forward these presses will account for the bulk of the demand for consumables - primarily substrate materials and inks.
Digital printing for labels & packaging are in a strong ascendancy in 2018 / 2019 and has been for several years already and digital printing is well on the way to being a highly disruptive force, first for labels and more recently in several segments of the much larger packaging industry.
The growth of very fast emerging industrial scale high volume colour inkjet digital printing across the labels / packaging industries, already seeing double digit growth, is gathering further momentum and will actually speed up through to 2023 and beyond as the relentless roll-out of colour inkjet printing of labels and packaging
Market Growth Trends - Already in strong ascendancy in 2018:
- Digitally Printed Labels (already mainstream with plenty more scope for growth)
- Digitally Printed Packaging (emerging rapidly the packaging industry is much larger and more diverse than Labels).
There are major implications for the digital consumables providers in terms of the evolution of demand for consumables. There will be major growth in opportunities for providers of digitally compatible substrate materials & digital inks, which will take market share from non-compatible consumables over the next few years.
Packaging in its various formats and materials can be of special interest to providers of consumables as the potential volume o;ackaging related print business is many times bigger than labels, in terms:
- Number packaging items
- Print area per item
- Overall value of potential business.
As the narrow web labels industry approaches saturation in some markets and geographies, there is pent-up and growing demand for wider web presses to take advantage of the opportunities arising in packaging.
Going forward, an interesting line of research can be to identify where there may be spikes in demand for certain packaging blank sizes and formats, which in turn should dictate preferred web width requirements for such digital presses.
Some Helpful Trends in Consumer packaging
All this is being further stimulated by a number of helpful trends in consumer packaging:
- Growth in demand for Full Colour Printing for Packaging/Labels
- Growth in demand for Premium Packaging
- Growing demand for small-sized packs
- Growing need for security
- Growing demand for internet access via labels / packaging with smartphones.
The Digital Print Landscape is Complex & Rapidly Evolving
Investing in a new colour inkjet digital printing press may not be straightforward for a converter (label / packaging), for several reasons:
- Converters are confronted with increasingly wide array of choices in terms of presses
- Given the rate of evolution of the industry, presses are likely to become obsolete much faster than analogue presses that in some case continue in use for decades
- Converters may not only be looking for a digital press to satisfy the requirements of existing customers, but may have an interest in exploring new opportunities and markets beyond their current printing capabilities
Actually the labels market looks to be just the 'tip of the iceberg' - The opportunities in the packaging arena will in the end be much greater than labels - It will just take a bit longer to come to fruition.
And furthermore the packaging industry is in a position to leverage on inkjet technology development (eg: Print Heads / Inks) and know-how built up over recent years already in the labels field and indeed more generally across various other industries including the very large & powerful global desktop printer industry.
There is still a clear need to develop higher performance and more cost effective digital presses aligned with also special colour inkjet digital consumables (ie. substrate materials & digital inks).
For example a wider web colour inkjet digital press can open the door for narrow web players to address printing of new larger packaging formats that may offer high volume / high value added opportunities
And / or label converters may wish to consider business for additional substrate materials (eg: cartonboard, flexible film) within the narrow web format:
- Existing markets and new product categories within existing markets
- New vertical markets & new geographies.
In turn it is important for systems integrators, press builders, print head makers & consumables providers (substrate materials & digital inks) all to build up an understanding of requirements & trends within the converter community ? Which are also evolving.
This can provide valuable input for R&D and new press development - And of course lead time for press development are relatively long.
Type of Labels / Packaging Application
The market for colour inkjet printing may be segmented as follows:
Already mainstream in 2018
- Narrow Web Label Presses (as well as label printing - packaging options include: small folding cartons, flexible packaging, pouches & sachets, form-fill-seal, blister packaging & the like - for smaller size packaging blanks)
Emerging rapidly colour inkjet digital presses that are starting to address the previously un-met needs of packaging related applications
- Wider web inkjet presses - Great potential for mid to large size packaging blanks (primarily for folding cartons & flexible packaging)
- Corrugated board colour inkjet digital presses (up to very large packaging blanks)
- Inkjet printing direct to 3D cylindrical packaging profiles (cans, plastic bottles, glass bottles, tubes, tapered cups, small diameter closures - cylindrical, other shapes)
There are also various hybrid (digital combined analogue printing technology) presses that are commercially available today, combining the best of digital & analogue characteristics.
Printing 'small size' packaging blanks on narrow web inkjet label presses
A wide variety of relatively 'small size' packaging blanks can potentially be printed on narrow web labels presses, provided that that substrate handling transport system can accommodate the alternative substrates that may be required for::
- Form-Fill-Seal - Pouches, sachets
- Vertical Form-Fill-Seal - VFFS
- Horizontal Form-Fill-Seal - HFFS
- Alu. / Plastic 'Push-Through' Blister Packs
- Lidding Stock Material
- Folding Cartonboard Constructions
- Cartonboard Bottle / Jar Carriers
- Cartonboard Multi-Pack Carrier - Flat Blank for Printing
- Carded Packaging
- Blister packs (card backed) or clam-shell blisters, skin packaging
- Blister packs (alu. lidding) - Pharma
- Skin Packs - Card packaging
- Collapsible tubes
- Sealed food trays
- Sleeves (shrink / stretch).
Wider Web Width Format Digital Presses
Each incremental widening of the web of a given colour inkjet digital press construction means that additional packaging related print jobs may at least in principle be considered. Significant developments have been made already and wider web colour inkjet digital presses, which are typically of progressively heavier construction, such inkjet digital presses are already available for commercial use with installations already in place and operational.
A key issue is to identify the niche opportunities across the packaging spectrum where high volume / high value added business may be found - As the web width capacity of a colour inkjet digital printing press is enlarged, so the Total Addressable Market is in principle at least increased:
- Narrow web label presses, various kinds of small packaging blanks may be printed, such as sachets, pouches, lidding, blister cards and the like
- Wider presses can accommodate larger packaging blanks as we move across the spectrum of consumer packaging folding cartons & larger flexible packaging formats
- The largest digital presses are for corrugated packaging.
So the web width can be a key issue for labels / packaging converters seeking to digitally print large packaging profiles. And this in turn should be a concern of press builders in deciding on the design of new presses
As press web width capacity is increased then additional interesting packaging blank printing opportunities can present themselves progressively across the spectrum of consumer packaging.
Indeed such increasing of web-width has the potential to open up a major new markets for digital inkjet printing of packaging beyond labels.
In order to address the challenge of bigger packaging blanks (ganging of smaller blanks), potentially with a range of different substrate materials, this means the evolution of narrow web presses to wider web presses.
Where differences exist between narrow web label presses dedicated to label printing and wider web presses with the capacity to accommodate cartonbaord as well as large pack blanks
- Substrate transport mechanisms (not only bigger but also need to handle different substrates such as thicker and less flexible cartonboard & corrugated material, as well as flexible laminates. While Inkjet printing direct to 3D cylindrical packaging profiles is clearly quite a distinct process)
- Scale - Packaging blanks tend to have larger footprints than labels blanks.
Such presses should be able to handle the same kinds of substrate materials as narrow web presses.
Each incremental widening of the web of a given digital inkjet press means that additional print jobs to be considered.
At the present time the scale of such opportunities is still constrained to a significant extent in relation to longer print runs by the additional cost burden associated with digital consumables (both inks & substrate materials).
In order to realise the full potential of wider web press development then this will need to be accompanied by further developments in consumables.
Packaging involves a much wider diversity of substrate materials than labels in terms of:
- Substrate material chemistry, thickness and handling properties
- Substrate materials surface characteristics with regard to digital inks
- Substrate materials handling / transport characteristics (eg: Thickness / weight / flexibility / strength)
- Thickness of substrate materials tend to become more of any issue across the packaging industry.
The bulk of inkjet label printing is on narrow web presses that print high-quality self-adhesive prime labels. The adoption of UV inkjet systems has grown in recent few years as cost effectiveness has been improved, as well as print quality & reliability.
This has been leading to overall higher levels of competitiveness in terms of productivity as compared to toner-based digital presses. With high-performance narrow-web inkjet presses are becoming increasingly adopted by label converters as the technology becomes mainstream in this markets
Hybrid colour inkjet digital / analogue systems with flexo print units as well as inline finishing equipment are seeing faster adoption.
Colour inkjet digital has long been used in the preparation of prototypes and proofing for packaging, but has been somewhat slower to take off in full-scale production than labels. There has, however, been a marked increase in take-up over the last 2 to 3 years, as more high-performance machines have come to the marketplace.
The packaging sector is perceived by many equipment and ink suppliers as a major opportunity, and there is a continuous stream of developments coming to fruition with new colour inkjet digital press launches.
Packaging involves a much wider diversity of substrate materials than labels and this is creating added complexity, in terms of:
- Substrate materials surface characteristics with regard to digital inks
- Substrate materials handling / transport characteristics (eg: Thickness / weight / flexibility / strength).
Big potential benefits for brand owners with inkjet digital technology - Labels and packaging
is seeing strong and robust and accelerating double digit growth across all the labels and packaging segments listed above - This is due to the combination of a number of positive advantage offered by digital technology, including:
- More cost effective than traditional analogue printing processes for shorter print runs
- Often more cost effective for labels & packaging than competing digital technologies (electro-photographic)
- Print quality is comparable to analogue press print quality (eg: Flexo finish). This is seen as an advantage in matching print on a single pack (eg: Hybrid presses) or across a product category
- Offers powerful value added functionalities & benefits, comparable to NFC / RFID but at significantly lower incremental cost.
Digital Printing - Major Potential Benefits for Brand Owners
Digital printing can offer an array of exciting benefits (not viable with analogue printing processes) that can resonate with the demands of packaging of branded products today.
The inherent capability of colour digital printing to achieve ?mass customisation? and hence ?unique identifiers? for individual packs (covertly or overtly) is becoming a highly valued feature today.
- Delivery of variable (whether customized or personalized) designs.
Smartphones (or dedicated readers) can be used to good effect to read colour digital printed unique IDs, resulting in a number of powerful functionalities are becoming a realistic prospect:
- Digital Colour Printing & Unique Product ID (with options of mass serialisation, random numbering, encryption...)
- 2D / QR Barcode Variants
- Digital Watermarking
- Track & Trace / Mass Serialisation (eg: EU Falsified Medicines Directive compliance)
- Product Authentication, Brand Protection & Security Printing
- Consumer Engagement & Mobile Marketing enabling direct click through access to brand owner website landing pages - This can lead directly to fast measurable ROI for Brand Owners)
- Supply Chain Management & Materials Planning
- Workflow automation.
While the overall performance and user friendliness of NFC may be seen to be superior, the unit cost of colour digital print is much lower.
The facilitation of additional functionalities though digitally printed unique IDs has the potential to enhance the ROI case and weigh the argument more heavily in favour of colour inkjet digital printing.
Proliferation of Colour Inkjet Digital Press Providers & Press Designs
The packaging sector (as well as labels) is now perceived as a major area of opportunity.
And further as production volumes increase substantially facilitated by such new generation as high-speed automated digital presses, so the demand for digitally adapted substrate materials and digital inks will increase dramatically (with a corresponding fall in demand for non-digitally adapted consumables).
Labels & packaging converters need to make wise choices with capital investment in new colour inkjet digital press technology in this atmosphere of dynamic evolution.
Investment decisions made (or delayed) with regard to colour inkjet digital presses may impact the future prosperity of label / packaging converters.
It is interesting to note the high number of new digital press launches being seen at the present time ? This is likely to far reaching implications, for example:
- Analogue label & packaging press builders are under pressure to offer some kind of digital / analogue hybrid option to survive
and / or
- Industry 'shake-out' The digital inkjet press sector is becoming increasingly crowded. There are arguably already too many suppliers plus new entrants from Asia entering the arena. Some digital inkjet press builders will undoubtedly withdraw form this market within the next few years.
- There has, however, been a marked surge in launches of new high-speed automated inkjet presses since around 2016, with numerous new such colour inkjet digital presses coming to the market.
Press builders need to plan carefully & strategically to assure medium long term success in the colour inkjet digital press building business.
There is undoubtedly a robust pro-active approach being adopted by the printing press building sector:
- Standalone colour digital presses
- Hybrid digital / analogue presses
- Retro-fit digital modules.
An increasingly pro-active stance can also be observed amongst leading brand owners who have grasped the fact that digital is so much more than just a cost effective alternative to traditional analogue printing for short runs.
The greater the width of the press, the more packaging configurations / blank size business may be printed by the converter ? Potentially opening up rich new market opportunities
Pre-press & Finishing operations are also important factors in the configuration & set-up of individual colour inkjet digital printing presses.
Partnerships and Synergies
New generation colour inkjet digital presses are characterized by partnerships & collaborations between:
- Colour inkjet digital technology specialists (including print-heads)
- Substrate material transport systems and machine beds.
These developments & collaborations are significantly boosting the cost effectiveness of inkjet technology, which in turn is attracting further investment from labels & packaging converters creating virtuous circle of dynamic growth.
Historically digital printing press technology was developed for large scale markets (for example desktop office and industrial printers). And it has only been more recently that such digital technology has started to be adapted to the labels (and also packaging) converter sector.
These companies tend to have very substantial market power to bring to bear on potential markets and areas of opportunity that they have identified. A number of these big players have entered the labels / packaging sector leveraging on digital technology that was originally developed for other markets (see Company Profiles section of the report).
Successful roll out of industrial scale Colour Inkjet Digital Printing in Global Labels and Packaging Markets depends upon pro-active collaborations & partnerships between players possessing complementary skill-sets and expertise and resources.
To design and build high speed colour inkjet presses requires joint efforts between:
- Inkjet (printhead) technology specialists
- Substrate transport specialists
To create complete systems with the capability to deliver cost effective finished colour inkjet printed packaging and labels requires close working relationships to develop more standard digital consumables that will work better across a wider range of combinations of:
- Inkjet technologies
- Digital inks
- Digital Substrates.
A primary aim of the latter set of collaborations must be to build economies of scale in the manufacture of digital compatible substrate materials, thus helping to drive down the cost of consumables, which remains one of the biggest barriers to further rollout of high volume colour inkjet in packaging in 2018.
Certain specialist elements such as digital inks, which are outside the core areas of expertise of these systems integrators may be outsourced.
In 2018, there exists an extensive array of high speed colour inkjet presses commercially available, with an increasing number of installations already in place at converter plants (first labels and now fast emerging packaging).
At this stage such high speed presses are mostly operating well below full capacity. And until the cost of consumables can be significantly brought down this state of affairs will endure.
Cost of consumables is an important challenge for the industry today.
- Strong partnerships with well matched synergies with complementary technologies and expertise are proving to be a key success factor in the development of inkjet digital printing for particularly for industrial scale high volume colour inkjet.
- Meanwhile as well as launching their own inkjet label presses, some of the leading full range label / packaging press builders have also been enhancing and upgrading the performance of the some of their analogue presses to fight back against the competing onslaught of the digital printing revolution. Adding to the complexity of the marketplace and the challenges facing converters with regard to new press investment decisions for the future.
By 2018 a strong surge to develop better more cost effective technology and bring this to the market, has become evident. Particularly in terms of latest generation automated production inkjet presses.
And some very large companies some with very well-known names (with correspondingly very substantial resources ? both financial and R&D) are involved here.
Indeed solution providers are approaching the digital colour inkjet press market from a number of different starting points:
- Providers of Desktop printers
- Providers of monochrome inkjet coding printers
- Providers of traditional analogue technology (eg: Flexo) label & packaging presses
- Providers of imaging technology
- Providers of packaging converting machinery.
Existing Supply Chains can be Re-configured and Enhanced with Digital Printing
Colour inkjet printing can offer substantial gains in terms of supply chain streamlining.
When switching from analogue printing to digital printing, one or more of the following benefits can arise often leading to an enhanced ROI calculation:
- Reducing complexity
- Savings in raw materials
- Lowering overall cost
- Reducing transportation costs
- Reducing inventory levels (raw materials, work-in-progress, finished packaging blanks)
- Reducing / eliminating waste & obsolescence.
Note: PET Drinks Bottles - Labels versus Direct Print to 3D - Going a step further digital Print Direct-to-3D technology has potential to replace labels for some product categories, such as soft drinks, mineral water, beer. Thus eliminating the cost of paper labels as well as adhesives and the corresponding shipping and storage, so substantially reducing warehouse logistics costs. This kind of approach can already be relevant for short run promotions and the like, this substitution could before more widespread in the future.
Locating Digital Printing Operations - Converter plant, brand owner in-house, contract packer
Unlike for analogue printing where the printing operations are almost always located at the converters plant, digital printing opens up more options for digital press installations:
- Label packaging converter plant (traditional set up)
- 3rd party label packaging printer / converter (Multiple customers / longer runs)
- Contract packer (intermediate step - multiple customers / short runs)
- Brand owner In-house.
Contract Packers / Co-Packers - An Interesting Market for Digital Presses
Contract packers (aka co-packers) package products for brand owners on a sub-contract basis and there are may such operators around the World, ranging from very small one man machine operations up to multi-site contract packers with international operations, some with in-house digital print capabilities already.
Contract packaging tends to become an attractive option and viable when shorter run lengths and / or custom product packaging are required. This is particularly the case, when non-standard packaging requiring special machinery or labour intensive work is specified.
Mass-customisation has been underway for decades in contract packaging, most commonly in the form of end-of-line innovations:
- Re-packaging / Aggregation / Mixed pallets / Multi-packs / Mixed pallets
- Test marketing, limited duration marketing promotions and the like
- Merchandising displays.
The contract packer sector is an interesting market for colour inkjet digital presses. Contract packers tend to specialise in small custom jobs that are more difficult for the less flexible big brand owners to do in house - And small custom jobs business can resonate with digital printing.
With regard to printing requirements, contract packers have traditionally tended to outsource print of packaging that required printing with an analogue process.
Digital print, however, has the potential to dramatically change these dynamics - In-house digital printing by contract packers is a far more viable proposition.
The significant capital investment requirement for an inkjet digital press is certainly a factor, although some of the larger contract packer organisations have substantial multi-site operations.
Late Stage Digital Printing - Print on Demand - Just-in-time manufacture - Corrugated Board
So-called late stage printing on digital presses are typically low output machines involves hand-fed individual carton printing for low volume demand requiring high flexibility.
This is achievable with digital printing and so provides a platform for further market penetration for digital technology in labels and packaging.
Analogue printing technology is generally less suited for this kind of small scale late stage printing requirements, which often require a significant level of customisation / personalisation and can be run by relatively unskilled operators.
Print-on-Demand is a printing technology in which labels or packaging blanks are not printed until a corresponding order is received. As a result the cost of printing can be much better controlled.
Substrate Materials & Inks
A decade or so ago, continuous feed drop-on-demand inkjet printing was just getting started, there was only a small market for producers of consumables specifically tailored for digital printing:
- Substrate materials (Papers & Film based)
- Inks & other coatings.
By 2018, production colour inkjet digital printing has become a largely reel-to-reel based market, with sheet based demand for consumables now accounting for a relatively small proportion of overall demand.
Inkjet printing of labels (and recently moreso packaging) has been growing robustly in recent years - Although a limiting factor has been sub-optimal substrate material / inks.
A key area of development required today for colour inkjet digital in labels & packaging is to achieve better matching between:
- Inkjet technology - Print heads (*)
- Substrate Materials
Indeed it is not uncommon for digital inks to be specifically formulated for:
- A specific digital press / print head configuration
- The actual substrate material to be printed.
(*) There are several distinct production inkjet systems being offered commercially - Each tending to have different characteristics, which can have implications for inks, which adds an extra layer of complexity. Standard consumables well adapted for all these different systems are desirable to enable consumables producers to standardise their products achieving better economies of scale.
The industry is continuing developing specific grades of substrate materials (papers, self-adhesive constructions, as well as cartonboard, corrugated and film materials) to run more satisfactorily with different print head systems.
Meantime, the situation for substrate materials providers becomes yet more challenging in the face of 'Hybrid' digital / analogue presses (which are seeing robust growth in 2018), whereby substrate materials need to support both colour inkjet digital & analogue (eg: Flexo, Offset Litho) printing on the same print surface.
And furthermore ancillary functions, such as finishing and substrate materials, also need to be taken in to consideration in relation to substrate materials.
Despite these technology challenges the market for continuous-feed inkjet substrate materials & digital inks overall is poised for strong growth.
Colour inkjet digital presses generally use one of two types of inks:
- UV Inkjet presses employ inks that are 100% solids and contain pigments, pre-polymers and UV-sensitive materials. Once the ink is printed onto a substrate, the pre-polymer hardens and forms a dry, coloured layer under the influence of UV light. The hardened UV ink offers excellent resistance to water and fading and is comparable in chemistry to UV Flexo
- Water-based Inkjet platforms use inks with colourants that are dispersed or dissolved in water. During printing, the substrate absorbs the water, with the dyes or pigments remaining on the substrate.
Vandagraf Market Study Report published in 2019:
Market and business opportunities evaluated together with a technology overview and profiles of solution providers.
Full report title:
"A Bright Future for Colour Inkjet Digital Printing in Global Labels and Packaging Markets"
Labels, Flexible Packaging, Folding Cartons, Corrugated Board, Direct-to-3D Packaging Profiles - Focus on Industrial Scale High Volume Production - The State of the Industry in 2018 with Forecasts to 2023.
Evaluation of Markets & Business Opportunities with Technology Overview & Solution Provider Company Profiles. A Techno-Economic Market Report - Published February 2019 (immediate availability).
This Report comprises 2 volumes:
- Volume I - Evaluation of Markets & Opportunities – 110 pages
- Volume II - Technology Overview & Solution Providers Company Profiles (50 plus companies) - 145 pages.
The main focus of the report is on automated high-volume / high-speed industrial scale applications for colour inkjet digital printing & presses.
Focus on Industrial Scale Volume Production - Labels, Flexible Packaging, Folding Cartons, Corrugated Board, Direct-to-3D Packaging Profiles - The State of the Industry in 2018
These presses will account for the processing of the bulk of demand for consumables (substrate materials & inks).
This Vandagraf report can provide support to companies needing to make informed & wise strategic decisions in relation the new World of colour inkjet digital for the immediate term and for the future.
Aim of the Report
This Report sets out to:
- Make sense of this multi-facetted complex and shifting matrix of a marketplace
- To provide a roadmap for the industry
- To quantify the market opportunities & challenges.
The market for Connected Packaging / labels has evolved and advanced significantly over the past 2 or 3 years and consequently we at Vandagraf decided to research and write a major Report on this subject.
The new Vandagraf Connected Packaging Report completed in July 2019 is seen as timely for a number of reasons, including a number of key evolutions, as outlined in the previous pages of this White Paper.
Report Content Overview
The Report contains:
- In-depth analysis of Business & Market Opportunities, Competitive Analysis & Technology Status
- Quantitative market sizing estimates & forecasts for Early Adopter Branded Retail Products - Base year 2018 with forecasts through to 2023
- Trends & Drivers highlighted & analysed
- Numerous Case Studies
- Solution Provider Profiles
- and much more…………………..
The new Report shows where the opportunities are being created and provides a valuable tool for assisting in investment decisions for any player wishing to position themselves effectively to exploit the emerging market opportunities.
- Full Table of Contents and additional info available on request:
For further information, please contact: email@example.com